As people age, they become more susceptible to developing certain conditions. In some instances, the diseases are avoidable by taking precautions. In others, there are treatment options available. Here are some of the most common conditions faced by older adults and possible prevention methods and treatments. 


Adults age 65 and older accounted for between 80 to 90 percent of influenza-related deaths in recent years, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Because of this, older adults need to take every precaution to lessen the likelihood of developing the disease. 

Prevention includes getting a flu shot and practicing healthy habits, such as washing your hands. If you do experience symptoms of influenza, contact your doctor immediately. Symptoms include fever, body aches, and chills. 


Cataracts are a relatively common occurrence in older adults. A cataract occurs when the lens on the retina becomes cloudy and light is unable to pass through it. When this happens, images can become blurry. Cataracts do not necessarily occur in both eyes. They can occur in one eye. 

Your risk of developing a cataract can be reduced by eating a healthy diet that includes lots of green, leafy vegetables and foods rich in antioxidants. You also need to stop smoking and wear sunglasses when outside. 

If you do develop cataracts, surgery will most likely be recommended by your eye doctor. During a surgical procedure, the lens is removed and an artificial lens is put in its place. Even though you might not have worn eyeglasses or contacts in the past, you might possibly have to wear them after the surgery.


Although depression is a mental disorder, it can have a physical impact on your body. Depression impacts more than two million adults age 65 and older. Some people do not receive treatment because they are not familiar with the signs. Another issue with being diagnosed and treated is that family members oftentimes chalk up the signs of depression to getting older. 

Depression is a serious ailment that requires medical intervention. The first part of treating depression is recognizing the symptoms. The symptoms include social withdrawal, fatigue, insomnia, appetite changes, and persistent aches. 

Depending on the severity of the condition, depression can be treated with therapy and the use of medication. A combination of both might be necessary. 

There are many other conditions that can occur as you age. Consult with your health care providers, including your eye doctor, for additional info.